Gerunds and infinitives can be used as subjects of a sentence, or as objects. In this posting I show you how to use gerunds and infinitives. There will be many example sentences. The download at the end will contain a list of verbs that are followed by either a gerund or an infinitive when used as an object.
In this article, we are going to explain the use and role of infinitive and gerund. The main difference between Infinitive and Gerund is, the infinitive often takes the base form of a verb while the gerund is a verb in its —ing form.
What is an Infinitive The infinitive can be introduced as a verb-noun. Though it does not act as the verb of a sentence, it has certain qualities of a verb. It is not limited by person or number as a finite verb.
The example below will throw light into these characteristics. Example 1 Example 2 He always tries to help people. In the first example, helps has he for its subject; hence the verb like is limited by person and number. It is called the finite verb. In the second example, to help simply names the action denoted by the verb try and is used without mentioning any subject.
It is, therefore, not limited by a person and number as a verb that has a subject. Uses of the Infinitive As the subject of a verb To err is human.
To respect our elders is our duty. As the object of a transitive verb He likes to read books. They refused to confess. As the complement of a verb His greatest pleasure is to collect stamps. His custom is to clean the house in the morning.
As an objective complement.• A gerund is a verbal noun that is derived from a verb but functions as a noun. • A participle is a verbal that functions as an adjective. • Both are made by adding ing to verbs.
In English, a gerund is the noun form of a verb, such as swimming in the sentence Swimming is fun. (Es divertido nadar. In Spanish, this form is translated using an infinitive verb, such as nadar.
A gerund is a verb in its ing (present participle) form that functions as a noun that names an activity rather than a person or thing. Any action verb can be made into a . On the white/chalkboard, write “Verb + infinitive” on the left side, and “Verb + Gerund” on the right.
Reread your story for a third time. This time, pause after each verb, and let the students elicit the verb that follows (in infinitive or gerund form) from the story.
Infinitives and gerunds – verb patterns. Explanations» A2 Gramar Points Explanations» Infinitives and gerunds – verb patterns. Gerund.
We use the gerund (-ing) 1 When the verb is the subject of a sentence. Reading on tablets and phones isn’t very good for your eyes. 2 After a preposition.
Reference Chart Gerunds and Infinitives Rules on how to form sentences with verbs followed by gerunds or infinitives Print in b/w; or color for projectors or laminated prints.