As his colleagues offer comfort, his young friends—Bassanio, Graziano, and Lorenzo—arrive. Bassanio asks Antonio for a loan, so that he can pursue the wealthy Portia, who lives in Belmont. Antonio cannot afford the loan. The will says Portia may only marry a man who chooses the correct casket made from three possible options:
Table of Contents Plot Overview Antonio, a Venetian merchant, complains to his friends of a melancholy that he cannot explain. His friend Bassanio is desperately in need of money to court Portia, a wealthy heiress who lives in the city of Belmont.
Antonio agrees, but is unable to make the loan himself because his own money is all invested in a number of trade ships that are still at sea. Shylock nurses a long-standing grudge against Antonio, who has made a habit of berating Shylock and other Jews for their usury, the practice of loaning money at exorbitant rates of interest, and who undermines their business by offering interest-free loans.
Although Antonio refuses to apologize for his behavior, Shylock acts agreeably and offers to lend Bassanio three thousand ducats with no interest. That night, the streets of Venice fill up with revelers, and Jessica escapes with Lorenzo by dressing as his page. In Belmont, Portia welcomes the prince of Morocco, who has come in an attempt to choose the right casket to marry her.
The prince studies the inscriptions on the three caskets and chooses the gold one, which proves to be an incorrect choice. In Belmont, the prince of Arragon also visits Portia.
He, too, studies the caskets carefully, but he picks the silver one, which is also incorrect. He and Portia rejoice, and Gratiano confesses that he has fallen in love with Nerissa. The couples decide on a double wedding.
Portia gives Bassanio a ring as a token of love, and makes him swear that under no circumstances will he part with it. They are joined, unexpectedly, by Lorenzo and Jessica. The celebration, however, is cut short by the news that Antonio has indeed lost his ships, and that he has forfeited his bond to Shylock.
After they leave, Portia tells Nerissa that they will go to Venice disguised as men. The duke of Venice, who presides over the trial, announces that he has sent for a legal expert, who turns out to be Portia disguised as a young man of law.
Portia asks Shylock to show mercy, but he remains inflexible and insists the pound of flesh is rightfully his. Bassanio offers Shylock twice the money due him, but Shylock insists on collecting the bond as it is written.
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Shylock ecstatically praises her wisdom, but as he is on the verge of collecting his due, Portia reminds him that he must do so without causing Antonio to bleed, as the contract does not entitle him to any blood.
Portia informs Shylock that he is guilty of conspiring against the life of a Venetian citizen, which means he must turn over half of his property to the state and the other half to Antonio.
Shylock agrees and takes his leave. The two women return to Belmont, where they find Lorenzo and Jessica declaring their love to each other under the moonlight. When Bassanio and Gratiano arrive the next day, their wives accuse them of faithlessly giving their rings to other women.
Before the deception goes too far, however, Portia reveals that she was, in fact, the law clerk, and both she and Nerissa reconcile with their husbands. The group celebrates its good fortune.Nov 19, · A Portia monologue from THE MERCHANT OF VENICE by William Shakespeare. A summary of Themes in William Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice.
Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Merchant of Venice and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Free summary and analysis of the events in William Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice that won't make you snore.
We promise. Read the full text of The Merchant of Venice with a side-by-side Apparently Bassanio just got back from a secret trip to see an heiress named Portia in Belmont.
Bassanio financed his trip (and in fact, his.
Final Essay for Merchant of Venice Although the Merchant of Venice, written by the renowned playwright William Shakespeare, is part of brilliant romantic comedy series, it is known largely for its drama and intense allusions to themes and concerns of the time period, which may be looked at differently in the modern society.
Antonio, a Venetian merchant, complains to his friends of a melancholy that he cannot explain. His friend Bassanio is desperately in need of money to court Portia, a wealthy heiress who lives in the city of Belmont. Bassanio asks Antonio for a loan in order to travel in style to Portia’s estate.
The Merchant of Venice by William Shakespeare. Home / Literature / The Merchant of Venice / Themes / Wealth ; For never shall you lie by Portia's side With an unquiet soul. You shall have gold To pay the petty debt twenty times over: (, ).