Decide on a topic It will help you considerably if your topic for your literature review is the one on which you intend to do your final M. However, you may pick any scholarly topic. Identify the literature that you will review: Familiarize yourself with online databases see UMD library resource links below for help with thisidentifying relevant databases in your field of study.
Tweet This So What? Why is this Information Important for You to Know? Why is knowing about the research or projects already completed and the details important for your research or capstone project?
This is where you show your committee that you understand what the state of the science is around your topic. These discussions may be informal, as with a quick question of a committee member in the hallway or through email.
You will also need to show your mastery of your topic during formal discussions, such as in a 1: You can become an expert on this topic because you will know what is known and unknown! You have read and appraised the literature!
You can use your expertise to get on policy committees in your institution and to improve clinical practice. Guidelines for Writing a Literature Review: The 4Ps First let me make a point to say that a literature review or state-of-the-science review is NOT the same as a systematic review!
While there is an orderly method to doing a lit review, it is not as exhaustive and deliberate as a systematic review Thompson, A literature review is a broad report, which may discuss key points of a phenomenon but is not necessarily exhaustive in scope.
A systematic review is a thorough, comprehensive, and systematic examination of a broad or narrow look at a phenomenon or topic.
If conducted in a rigorous and transparent manner, a systematic review one of the highest levels of evidence we look for to support evidence-based practice. In a chapter I wrote on for a book on evidence-based practice, I talked about using a mnemonic of 4Ps for designing studies: Prepare, Proceed, Publicize, Practice Thompson, Prepare, Proceed, Produce, Proofread.
Prepare The preparatory phase is important for any project. Decide on your phenomenon of interest and determine your research objectives or questions.
Decide which databases you will search. Develop a form to abstract the data from the studies you read in an organized fashion. You can do this as a spreadsheet using the questions I outlined above or use an evidence table or literature synthesis matrix form you find online or from a faculty member.
These forms typically have columns and rows in which you quickly summarize data from each study or theoretical paper you read on your phenomenon. A literature matrix or evidence table will help organize the studies you read and remind you of what they were about.
This is an extremely helpful device that you should make a habit of creating — especially if you are a graduate student or plan on becoming a researcher.
Garrard has a good audit trail system outlined in her book to keep track of your work. Proceed Conduct your literature search.
Review the titles of the search results for relevance to your phenomenon; further refine your result list by reviewing the abstracts of the studies, if available. Keep the articles that are relevant to your topic. Acquire the full-text articles. Come up with a labeling system that will help you find the saved articles again.
So for example, ThompsonDesignStudies Read and abstract the information from each article to your data abstraction sheet or evidence table.
You might organize your evidence table by publishing date, themes you identify as you read, types of studies, or results e.
You should always assess the quality of the research studies you are including in a review. Make notes about the methodological rigor of research studies i. Review the reference list of each article for other articles that might help you this is called hand searching the reference list ; acquire those articles and repeat.
Review the reference list of each article for other articles that might help you learn more about your topic this is called hand searching the reference list ; acquire those articles and repeat the process.
Start your literature review by creating an outline. An outline will help keep you focused and help you ensure that your thoughts flow in a logical manner. Of course, you should rearrange your outline if you find that you are bouncing around one idea to another and not following a coherent line of thought.
After your introduction, your paper should include a brief description of the process you used to find the evidence for your paper, e. This section will give your reader an idea of the extent and comprehensiveness of your search.A guide to writing abstracts.
According to the Writing Center at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, "A literature review discusses published information in a particular subject area, and sometimes information in a particular subject area within a certain time period.".
Although a literature review may summarize research on a given topic, it generally synthesizes and summarizes a subject. Tips for Literature Review Abstract What Is Literature Review Abstract and Why It Is Important The abstract of a literature review is a distilled version of 5/5.
Writing an Abstract for Literature Review. Before a researcher or an academic writer starts to become familiar with how to write an abstract for literature review, one should first be familiar with what exactly qualifies as a Literature Review..
While writing a research paper or dissertation, the literature review is the portion where you brief the guidance .
Why do we write literature reviews? Now consider some typical ways of organizing the sources into a review: Chronological: If your review follows the chronological method, you could write about the materials above according to when they were published. For instance, first you would talk about the British biological studies of the 18th. Be certain that it is clearly stated in the abstract, introduction, and conclusion; If you need to write a review article but don't know where to start, keep some of these tips in mind. Choose a topic that is not too broad and not too narrow for the type of review you would like to write. If you want to write a shorter review, pick a. Literature Review: Conducting & Writing. This guide will provide research and writing tips to help students complete a literature review assignment. Sample Lit Reviews from Communication Arts Literature Review Sample 1 Literature Review Sample 2 Literature Review Sample 3 Have an exemplary literature review?.
The Abstract Toggle Dropdown. Executive Summary When you begin to write your literature review section, you'll be glad you dug deeper into how the research was designed and constructed because it establishes a means for developing more substantial analysis and interpretation of the research problem.
Conclusions: The abstracts of systematic reviews should be easier to read than the abstracts of medical research articles, as they are targeted at a wider audience.
The aims, methods, results, and conclusions of systematic reviews need to be presented in a consistent way to help search and retrieval. A guide to writing abstracts. Abstracts, Literature Reviews, and Annotated Bibliographies: Abstract Guides & Examples.