Even then his interests had shifted to political philosophy and social problems. Tonnies went to the University of Berlin and to London, beginning his Hobbesian studies and Gemeinschaft und Gesellschaft. In a draft of the latter served as his Habilitationsschrift when Tonnies became a Privatdozent for philosophy at the University of Kiel. He made but little use of the venia legendi license to lecture.
According to the dichotomy, social ties can be categorized, on one hand, as belonging to personal social interactionsand the roles, values, and beliefs based on such interactions GemeinschaftGerman, commonly translated as " community "or on the other hand as belonging to indirect interactions, impersonal roles, formal values, and beliefs based on such interactions GesellschaftGerman, commonly translated as " society ".
And it has been argued that he derived both categories from Hobbes's concepts of "concord" and "union".
The book sparked a revival of corporatist thinking, including the rise of neo-medievalismthe rise of support for guild socialismand caused major changes in the field of sociology. Gesellschaft-based relationships, according to Weber, are rooted in "rational agreement by mutual consent", the best example of which is a commercial contract.
To emphasize the fluidity and amorphousness of the relationship between Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft, Weber modified the terms in German to Vergemeinschaftung, and Vergesellschaftung, which are the gerund forms of the German words.
The German phrase for "mutual insurance company" includes both words, "mutual" and "company.Ferdinand Toennies on Sociology Pure, Applied and Empirical Sociology (Heritage of Sociology Series) by Ferdinand Toennies () [Ferdinand Toennies] on .
The German sociologist Ferdinand Tonnies () was a major contributor to theory and field studies in sociology.  He is best remembered for his distinction between two basic types of . Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft: Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft, ideal types of social organizations that were systematically elaborated by German sociologist Ferdinand Tönnies in his influential work Gemeinschaft und Gesellschaft (; Community and Society).
Tönnies’s conception of the nature of social systems is based on his. Ferdinand Tonnies. Ferdinand Tönnies ( ) was a German sociologist. He was a major contributor to sociological theory and field studies.
His distinction between two types of social groups - Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft - is what Tönnies is best known for. Ferdinand Tonnies was a German sociologist who contributed important work to the field of sociology in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Tonnies' work focused largely on academic theory. The German sociologist Ferdinand Tonnies () was a majorcontributor to theory and field studies in sociology.
 He is bestremembered for his distinction between two basic types of .