During this momentous period of our history, Gandhi was undoubtedly the undisputed leader of millions of freedom loving Indians. In between the phases of struggle-truce-struggle, Gandhi invented the constructive activity programme of eradication of untouchability, Hindu-Muslim unity, promotion of Khadi and village reconstruction to channelize the energies of the multitude of Indians by carrying on peaceful and continuous agitation of all-round mobilization of superstition ridden, illiterate, and ignorant masses about the need of self-help and self-reliance by precept and practice. Gandhi had justifiably become an icon of the 20th century to many Indians and non-Indian protagonists and time is not far off, when he is going to be another avatar of God.
Gandhi and Civil Disobedience Mohandas K. Wikimedia Commons Mohandas K. Gandhi, often referred to as Mahatma, the Great Soul, was born into a Hindu merchant family in He was heavily influenced by the Hinduism and Jainism of his devoutly religious mother.
She impressed on him beliefs in non-violence, vegetarianism, fasting for purification, and respect for all religions. InGandhi sailed to England and studied to become a lawyer.
His first job for an Indian company required that he move to South Africa. The ruling white Boers descendants of Dutch settlers discriminated against all people of color. When railroad officials made Gandhi sit in a third-class coach even though he had purchased a first-class ticket, Gandhi refused and police forced him off the train.
This event changed his life. When the Boer legislature passed a law requiring that all Indians register with the police and be fingerprinted, Gandhi, along with many other Indians, refused to obey the law.
He was arrested and put in jail, the first of many times he would be imprisoned for disobeying what he believed to be unjust laws. Following his release, he continued to protest the registration law by supporting labor strikes and organizing a massive non-violent march.
Finally, the Boer government agreed to end the most objectionable parts of the registration law. After 20 years in South Africa, Gandhi went home to India in When Gandhi returned, he was already a hero.
Gandhi devoted the rest of his life struggling against what he considered three great evils afflicting India. One was British rule, which Gandhi believed impoverished the Indian people. The second evil was Hindu-Muslim disunity caused by years of religious hatred.
When it did not happen, Gandhi called for strikes and other acts of peaceful civil disobedience. The British sometimes struck back with violence, but Gandhi insisted Indians remain non-violent. But as the movement spread, Indians started rioting in some places. Gandhi called for order and canceled protests.
He drew heavy criticism from fellow nationalists, but Gandhi would only lead a non-violent movement. Gandhi was jailed many times. When India finally gained independence, the problem became how Hindus and Muslims would share power.
Distrust spilled over into violence. Gandhi spoke out for peace and forgiveness. He opposed dividing the country into Hindu and Muslim nations, believing in one unified India.
In MayBritish, Hindu, and Muslim political leaders, but not Gandhi, reached an agreement for independence that created a Hindu-dominated India and a Muslim Pakistan. As Independence Day August 15, approached, an explosion of Hindu and Muslim looting, rape, and murder erupted throughout the land.
Millions of Hindus and Muslims fled their homes, crossing the borders into India or Pakistan. An old man, he weakened rapidly, but he did not break his fast until Hindu and Muslim leaders came to him pledging peace. Days later, an assassin shot and killed Gandhi. The assassin was a Hindu who believed Gandhi had sold out to the Muslims.
Gandhi and others like Martin Luther King Jr. The Story of My Experiments with Truth.Civil Disobedience Essay. Civil Disobedience Essay. Words | 6 Pages. Essay Civil Right Movement; Women Spies in the American Civil War; Uniform Civil Code in India; Causes of the American Civil War; Civil Rights Analysis in America; The American Civil War;.
Under the leadership of Gandhiji, the Civil Disobedience Movement was launched in AD It began with the Dandi March. On 12 March , Gandiji with some of his followers left the Sabarmati Ashram at Ahmedabad and made their way towards Dandi, a village on the west coast of India.
Civil Disobedience Movement Introduction. The Civil disobedience movement is one of the most important parts of Indian freedom movement.
It started by the Mahatma Gandhi against the British rules and commands. Millions of people involved in this movement for removing the control and powers of the British government. Civil disobedience broke out all across India, soon involving millions of Indians, and British authorities arrested more than 60, people.
Gandhi himself was arrested on May 5, but the. Under the leadership of Gandhiji, the Civil Disobedience Movement was launched in AD It began with the Dandi March. On 12 March , Gandiji with some of his followers left the Sabarmati Ashram at Ahmedabad and made their way towards Dandi, a village on the west coast of India.
Pro Civil Disobedience Essay. Pro Civil Disobedience Civil disobedience is a righteous way for a person or a group to make their point to the world. Great leaders such as Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
(Dr. MLK) and Mohandas K. Gandhi (Gandhi) harnessed the idea and brought it to its prominence.
Essay on Quit India Movement; Essay on The Role.